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Abu Simbel temples

Abu Simbel temples
Panorama Abu Simbel crop.jpg
The Great Temple of Ramesses II is on the left and the Small Temple of Nefertari is on the right.
Abu Simbel temples is located in Egypt
Abu Simbel temples
Shown within Egypt
Location Aswan Governorate, Egypt
Region Nubia
Coordinates view on map
Type temple
Builder Ramesses II
Founded Approximately 1264 BCE
Periods New Kingdom of Egypt
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae
Type Cultural
Criteria i, iii, vi
Designated 1979 (3rd session)
Reference no. 88
Region Arab States

The Abu Simbel temples are two massive rock temples at Abu Simbel ( ? in Arabic), a village in Nubia, southern Egypt, near the border with Sudan. They are situated on the western bank of Lake Nasser, about 230 km southwest of Aswan (about 300 km by road). The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the "Nubian Monuments," which run from Abu Simbel downriver to Philae (near Aswan). The twin temples were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC, as a lasting monument to himself and his queen Nefertari, to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Kadesh.

The complex was relocated in its entirety in 1968, on an artificial hill made from a domed structure, high above the Aswan High Dam reservoir. The relocation of the temples was necessary to prevent them from being submerged during the creation of Lake Nasser, the massive artificial water reservoir formed after the building of the Aswan High Dam on the Nile River.

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